(Construction & Expansion)
This newsletter is a compilation of data to be had within the box of Tamil Shorthand tracing its foundation, building & enlargement. The to be had references are equipped for authenticity of this knowledge.
Ji. Es An̲antanārāyaṇan̲ / Tamil̲c cur̲ukkel̲uttu akarāti / Cīn̲ivāca Rāv mur̲ai / Tamilc curukkeluttu nul
The Political Swadeshi oratory of India took a significant flip, after the separation of Bengal in 1905. All political leaders began to talk of their regional languages. Officers, who have been in large part English, didn’t perceive what was once being stated. The Viceroy of India ordered the entire state Governors to take steps to report the entire political speeches made in regional languages in verbatim for overview and analyse the seditious content material and arrest the audio system. To succeed in this process, the federal government felt the desire for vernacular shorthand journalists or even presented particular incentives for such journalists.
Early days of Tamil shorthand
V.Krishnamachari, an area student in Triplicane, Madras revealed a guide “Indian Phonography” in line with pitman’s and submitted to the Madras Executive. for approval in 1908. He claimed that his guide would permit any individual to put in writing Tamil, Telugu, Kannada & Urdu speeches in Shorthand. Srinivasa Rao, whilst being an teacher on the Provincial Police Coaching faculty, revealed his “Tamil Shorthand Teacher” at his personal value in 1909, revealed at Addison & co, Madras and submitted it to the Madras Executive. for approval. This guide was once an adoption of Pitman’s English shorthand. All of the laws & explanations have been in English and the examples by myself have been equipped in Tamil.
In popularity of Srinivasa Rao ‘s products and services, the Executive. appointed him as a complete time shorthand teacher of the Police Coaching Faculty. Along with that, the federal government additionally inspired him to arrange shorthand books in all different south Indian languages. After the police coaching faculty was once upgraded as Police Coaching Faculty, Police Shorthand Bureau was once shaped one at a time in 1919 with Srinivasa Rao as teacher and 24 sub-inspectors. In 1920, at the King Emperor’s Birthday, Executive. conferred on him the name of “Rao Sahib”. He gave up the ghost on 27th December 1924.
Put up Srinivasa Rao Generation.
After the death of Srinivasa Rao, the Madras Executive. revealed the “Tamil Shorthand Guide” in 1929. Possibly, the Executive. will have used the entire notes and fabrics ready via the Vellore Police Shorthand Bureau officials who have been skilled via Srinivasa Rao. On this version, the entire laws and explanations have been in English, however the chapters weren’t sequenced. The placement writing, punctuation, Declension of Nouns and Verbs have been equipped on the finish of the guide as tables. The guide ran as much as 548 pages and a learner may just now not write a sentence until he completed studying the guide. Pupil who didn’t know English may just now not be informed this artwork and the Executive. authorised the scholars to seem for Tamil shorthand exam provided that that they had handed English shorthand.
It’s worthy of point out right here that the primary version of Pitman was once revealed in 1837 and went via more than a few editions over time with the general and remaining version being in 1926. No such effort was once made via the Executive. to revise the “Tamil Shorthand Guide”. The revision was once important now not merely on account of the passage of time however because of the wish to deliver up-to-date adjustments in step with the newest (ultimate) version of Pitman, but even so the advance of vernacular utilization.
There were nice many programs of shorthand ahead of and after the Pitman’s Device. Likewise even in Tamil, there have been students who had evolved programs in “Tamil Shorthand” ahead of and after Srinivasa Rao.
G.S.Ananthanarayanan and Tamil Shorthand.
In Would possibly 1953, G.S.Ananathanarayanan, a Tamil Reporter, within the Madras Legislature, compiled the “Tamil Shorthand Ebook”. This guide was once an advanced model of the unique Executive. Tamil Shorthand Guide revealed in 1929, containing 191 pages as in opposition to the 548 revealed pages within the authentic.
The important thing enhancements in his version have been:
- The adoption of the Pitman’s new technology (ultimate version).
- The guide being written in Tamil in its entirety is such scholar who does not know a phrase in English may just additionally be informed this artwork.
The main function of this guide was once to give pitman based totally Srinivasa Rao Device in a more effective method for the rookies.
Because the Madras Executive. had the copyright of Tamil Shorthand Guide (1929), G.S.Ananthanarayanan submitted his compilation as a guide to the Executive. for approval and his willingness to abide via the phrases and prerequisites for e-newsletter (11th Would possibly 1953).
Whilst compiling the guide, G.S.Ananthanarayanan began training numerous scholars freely together with his manuscript. The categories have been performed at his area # three, Nallappan Boulevard, Mylopore, Chennai 600004 in addition to at Rajeswari Padasala (South Mada Boulevard in Mylapore) in Chennai. The scholars incorporated executive workers, reporters & industrial institute instructors. This a great deal helped the writer to include workout routines helpful for rookies. On this mission, P.Ok.Lakshminarayanan and Ok.T.Sundaramoorthi, colleague and Tamil Newshounds within the Tamilnadu Legislative Meeting and S.Jayaraman from the All India Radio information division, Chennai helped the writer.
In 1954, the Executive. constituted a professional committee with the next participants to advise an appropriate Tamil Shorthand guide for adoption (GO: MS No.9961, Training dated 17th July 1954).
This professional committee severely tested G.S.Ananthanarayanan’s manuscript but even so any other manuscript ready via N.Kothandaraman colleague and an English reporter within the Legislative Meeting. After the overview, the committee really useful, G.S.Ananthanarayanan’s Tamil Shorthand guide because the Executive. Textual content Ebook. The reliable language implementation committee permitted the advice of the professional committee.
After the approval, it was once made up our minds to print the guide titled “Tamil Shorthand Ebook” as a Executive. e-newsletter (GO: MS No. 2222 Training dated 17th December 1958). The Executive. despatched a letter of appreciation to G.S.Ananthanarayanan for his exhausting efforts in compiling the Tamil Shorthand guide. Letter Ref 3313-E5/59-11 Training.
“I’m directed to put across the appreciation of the federal government, for the nice paintings rendered via you in having compiled the Shorthand guide in Tamil, which has been followed because the Executive shorthand guide”
The e-newsletter of the guide was once being inordinately behind schedule. For the time being, to extend consciousness and popularise his Tamil Shorthand guide some of the better inhabitants, G.S.Ananthanarayanan asked the Executive. to allow him to give a contribution Tamil Shorthand classes via a vernacular mag Kumudam, then the biggest circulated Tamil weekly. The Executive. authorised him to take action (GO: MS No.2 Legislative Meeting Division, dated 12th Jan 1962).
Tamil Surukezuthu Nool (First Version 1965)
In any case within the 12 months 1965, the Tamil Shorthand guide titled “Tamil Surukezuthu Nool” (Nool manner guide) was once revealed beneath the whole duty of the writer Ananthanarayanan. The Tamil parts have been revealed within the Executive. press and the outlines have been revealed within the Executive. Central survey place of business (photo-lithographic approach). The guide ran as much as 191 pages and was once priced at Rs.6.
The guide gained heat welcome from the entire circles specifically scholars, instructors, reporters, Tamil literary writers and the more than a few organs of Madras Executive. The guide overview of Mail on 16th October 1965 was once as underneath.
“Tamil Surukezuthu Nool” 1st Version 1965: Stepped forward, abridged basically in Tamil – self-instructor. All of the laws numbered. Abstract of classes are given. Porul Kuripu agarathi (index) ready and revealed finally for reference. The guide has followed pitman’s remaining & ultimate version ‘New Generation’. The writer has given copious illustrations on the finish of every lesson and numerous fashion outlines for tricky phrases and words conducive to the right kind coaching of practitioners on this device”.
2nd Version 1977
The second one version was once launched within the 12 months 1977 with none alternate as in line with GO: MS No.380- Training, dated 10th March 1975.
3rd Version 1988
The writer revised his second version that specialize in the next:
- Adoption of Tamil reformed script.
- Addition of recent laws with out converting the fundamental ideas.
- Further workout routines to present extra apply to the practitioners (100 Workouts).
- Workouts and keys separated to create originality within the minds of scholars.
The writer submitted the revised manuscript to the Executive on 17th December 1984 for bringing out the 3rd version. The Executive. forwarded it to the Director of Technical training for his or her professional opinion. A 3-member professional committee permitted the revisions and forwarded it to the Director of Tamil Construction for acceptance and in spite of everything the Executive. issued orders to print the guide (GO: MS No.77 Tamil Construction, dated 23rd March 1987).
The 3rd version was once revealed at Kumudam Printers Pvt. Ltd, Chennai and comprised 247 pages with a worth of Rs.35.
De-recognition of alternative Executive. licensed Shorthand Books
To begin with, the scholars had a decision to seem in any one of the crucial Executive. licensed programs in Tamil Shorthand. Next to the discharge of “Tamil Surukezuthu Nool” in 1965, scholars began following this guide for making ready themselves for the exam. The Executive. didn’t in finding any scholar showing for exam in different programs and therefore de-recognized them. Thus “Tamil Surukezuthu Nool” (Srinivasa Rao Device) authored via Ananthanarayanan has turn out to be the one reliable recognised guide and is still in trend.
Ananthanarayanan’s Tamil Shorthand comparable publications
1) Tamil Shorthand Dictionary (1980)
Having authored the “Tamil Surukezuthu Nool”,the writer Ananthanarayananfelt the wish to supply extra aids to succeed in excessive level of skillability via the scholars on this artwork. This has resulted within the e-newsletter of “Tamil Shorthand Dictionary” revealed via the Tamilnadu Textual content Ebook society in 1980.
2) A Information to Tamil Shorthand (1987
three) Tamil Braille Shorthand (1992)
All India Confederation of the Blind (AICB) – New Delhi constituted a committee of 4 participants to conform Tamil Shorthand in Braille in 1991. Ananthanarayanan, writer of “Tamil Surukezuthu Nool” was once one of the crucial participants in that committee. The opposite participants have been P.V. Subramanian, Vice President, AICB, Ok.Thiagarajan, Secretary, AICB, M.Gopalakrishnan, Braille Shorthand trainer, Nationwide Blind Society. Ananthanarayanan, together with his wealthy enjoy in that box guided the group to conform “Tamil Braille Shorthand”.
In regards to the writer G.S.Ananthanarayanan.
He married Pattammal in 1950 and has two sons & two daughters, (all married and neatly settled). He had a more youthful brother (Past due) G.S.Venkataraman, who labored as a Deputy Business Tax officer at Thiruvannamalai.
To begin with he labored as a trainer in Gurukulam Faculty at Amaravathipudur close to Karaikudi after which at Madras Company Boy’s Faculty, Lloyds Highway, Chennai right through the duration 1948-1949.
All over this time, he had an hobby for tale writing and wrote contributed tales for Tamil magazines equivalent to Kumaran, Kalki, Kumudam, Kadal and Dinamani Kadir together with his pen title “Ananthan”.
At the side of his instructing occupation & literary hobby of writing tales, he additionally attended categories in English & Tamil typewriting and Tamil Shorthand within the Faculty of Trade in Kutchery Highway at Mylapore (Chennai) and handed his upper grades. He’s a existence member of the Stenographers Guild.
In December 1949, he joined as brief Tamil Reporter within the Madras Legislature. Next to his passing of high-speed take a look at exam in Tamil shorthand within the Tamilnadu Public Carrier fee (TNPSC), he was once regularised as Tamil Reporter in 1951.
He was once promoted as Leader Reporter after which because the Deputy Secretary (Editor of Debates) and retired within the 12 months 1986, after 37 years of Executive. carrier.
Along with his personal Tamil shorthand device, the writer recorded the verbatim the non secular lectures of Ki Va Ja, Kanchi Maha Swamigal and so they have been revealed as books.
Whole works of G.S.Ananthanarayanan